question of the week
Is Ad Wear-Out Really A Myth?
Research indicates effectiveness of ads does not decline over time. We ask Dove, Boots and agency experts why marketers tire of their own work faster than their customers do
01 December 2022
Viewers don't get fed-up with ads nearly as quickly as marketers think, according to the latest System1 research.
The study from System1 – which holds a database of over 100,000 TV ads - says that marketers might fear that consumers will get bored of seeing the same execution, but evidence has emerged that this constant tinkering is actually damaging, with effective ads staying effective no matter how long they air. According to the research, repeated exposure to an ad is important for building mental availability and positive impressions.
The study suggests that marketers are not maximising ROI on commercials because they over-estimate wear-out. But consumers are happy to see good advertising more frequently than they do and therefore the effectiveness of the ad can grow over time. So is it time to finally acknowledge that (good) ads have much more life in them than marketers allow for and what does this mean when it comes to creating ads and leveraging their impact?
We spoke to industry experts to find out what they thought around the longevity of creativity today.
Alessandro Manfredi, chief marketing officer at Dove
On Dove we have been committed to communicating on our purpose of making universally accessible a positive experience of beauty to all women and girls for decades.
When it comes to this message, we have been consistent, yet remaining timely and agile within the topics related to body confidence and self-esteem: while our under arching message has remained the same, we have adapted our communication to capture the cultural zeitgeist. There are in fact threats that impact women and girls self-esteem that didn’t exist 20 years ago. For example, we discovered 80% of girls use a filter by aged 13 so we knew we needed to tackle the issues on social media with our campaign Reverse Selfie.
So even though we may have crafted new ads, it is always rooted to our foundations that stem from the Campaign for Real Beauty.
The way in which we execute our campaigns has also been very consistent, always working with real women, with testimonials at the core of our communication strategy.
This consistency and commitment to purpose messaging has been our golden thread, helping us build brand equity, contributing to continued growth globally on the brand.
Peter Markey, chief marketing officer at Boots
It’s definitely a fair challenge that marketers can tire of their own work faster than their customers do. In my early days in insurance we worked on an unofficial two year cycle of bringing in a new creative idea and route with the assumption that this was when creative wore out – in short, we’d got tired of our own work way too early. Brands like Direct Line have proved this to be the case particularly with their hard working “fixer” campaign which kept the same core creative idea and construct over many years delivering impressive results. So I do believe that good creative can stand the test of time and creates in my view stronger brand affinity. At Boots we relaunched the Advantage Card promoting our Price Advantage proposition earlier this year and are now in the third wave of the campaign using the same creative vehicle. We’ve kept it the same because it works and we know lands well with customers – it’s part of the reason we’ve added a further 1m+ new active cardholders in the past 12 months.
Simon Wilden, measurement partner at Goodstuff
The short tenure of CMOs does seem the biggest barrier to longer running campaigns. Making a new ad campaign (usually with a new agency) is a very visible, tangible way to make your mark in a new role, and clearly one of the more enjoyable elements of the job.
However, all the evidence points to the value of developing a creative idea that can run for significant periods of time. Yes, refresh executions; yes incorporate new products; yes, activate brilliantly with inventive media approaches and yes, do a response oriented edit, but maintaining consistency in the core creative idea has immense value.
Recent research from Sky Media shows that good campaigns can sustain, and in fact demand, far higher weights than early effective frequency theory could have imagined. John Philip Jones and Erwin Ephron would fall off their chairs, but neither 1 nor 3 OTS seem optimal anymore. In fact, across the 100+ campaigns in Sky’s study, wearout starts around 14-15 OTS, meaning we can put far more TVRs behind commercials than previously theory supported (although let’s face it, many categories, including mobile and PCW markets have long abandoned classic effective frequency theory).
So, we must be clear that we can, and should, run good campaigns for longer.
Furthermore, having been lucky enough to be an EffWeek regular, and to work closely with some of the UK’s best econometricians, it’s clear the most effective brand building demands consistency and long running core creative ideas. Consumers have very limited bandwidth for what we do, except in a few high interest categories and cases. So, making it bleeding obvious that a new piece of communication should be ‘filed’ in a similar mental location to the previous associations a person had with a brand is vital to effectiveness and efficiency.
Neil Godber, executive strategy director at Wunderman Thompson
It’s not hard to believe that, as ad folk, we’ve been guilty of seeing every frame of an ad so many times that we’ve lost our ability to empathise with the consumer’s point of view, who will in reality see an ad only a few times, whilst doing other more important things.
But, if we can remove our own biases, what could this mean for how we approach brand building ads? Creatively we need to lean more into Paul Feldwick’s theory around entertainment and see ads as a show to be watched repeatedly, rather than as loud conveyors of new news and rational message delivery. This should be liberating for us all and help us remember to start from the view of creating things that people like to watch, on performances, feelings and stories, than purely convincing argument.
Beyond AV mass media, it’s worth considering if this holds for emerging brand building channels such as social, which best practice suggests a higher level of impatience and getting to the point more quickly. I assume that only the great vs the good ads will endure, given the bar for time and attention is even higher in an environment of endless immediate content.
Jamie Elliott, CEO at The Gate
Cadbury used to run an ad dramatizing that you could ‘Get that Friday feeling’ by eating a Crunchie. It featured Claymation characters moving through a honeycomb and chocolate landscape on a rollercoaster and hot air balloon to The Pointer Sisters “I’m so excited”. For 3 years I was part of the team that tried to replace this ad with another one for a new marketing director. We failed, so did he. The old marketing director returned and whacked “I’m so excited” back on air to great commercial effect – they ran it for years afterwards, always to great commercial effect. In fact, if the product hadn’t been usurped by healthier alternatives, they could still be running it now and it would still work – the product wore out before the ad did.
As the old marketing director understood, good ads built on universal truths and leaving positive emotional imprints in minds are assets that grow in value as they wear in and should be fiercely protected. This research from System 1 is well-timed for this cost of living crisis: if you are in possession of good advertising keep using it and keep protecting it from the change-for-changes-sake-seekers and if you haven’t got good advertising, get some it’s good for business.